Recently, we’ve seen a number of high-profile content theft cases involving automated commands and content scraping tools. For example, LinkedIn made public that nefarious actors used malicious bots to actively scrape user profile data from its site for almost a year. But while LinkedIn's extended data theft headache was likely the result of advanced persistent bots—a bot category that is still on the rise—the incident is yet another illustration of scraping tools in action.
Scraping tools can be used for new hire candidate and job searches, market research, price comparisons, and other relatively innocuous reasons. But these tools are more often used by perpetrators. Built by paid scraping services and freelance scrapers, homegrown bots and automation tools steal and exploit competitors’ content for their own gain. Stolen content often runs the gamut of online purchases, including travel agency ticket prices, concert ticket prices, online retailer product pages, and more.
These tools are incredibly easy to access; free web apps are seemingly a dime a dozen. And while we’ve seen how easy it is to build and automate commands to rummage through sites while behaving like legitimate human users, we wanted to show how quickly any user can jump online and start their own scraping campaign.
All a malicious user needs to do is:
- Access any online scraping tool, e.g., Import.io, Extracty, Portia by Scrapinghub.
- Enter a competitor’s URL and run the scraper. Some tools offer full site scraping, while others let the user selectively choose which content or elements to scrape.
- Export the scraped results.
Sound easy? Check out our demo video to see the process in action:
Piece of cake, right? With the motivation, any malicious user can simply be browsing a competitor’s site, open a new tab, and start scraping within seconds. But the process only works on sites not equipped with bot protection. Compare that result with the Captcha test served when Distil detected the scraping tool in action.
About the AuthorMore Content by Bobby Power