You've probably heard during the last U.S. presidential election was that bots were affecting political campaigns via Twitter and Facebook. But bots are not just in that arena– they're in the web, all over it. Generally, a bot is any script or a tool that is built to automatically interact with a website, an app, or a system, trying to mimic that it's a real human.
Google’s Googlebot is a bot that goes around the web, constantly around the clock, scraping everyone's website so that people can find the information they’re searching for. It’s creating a good service for people. Googlebot would be classified as a good bot. You would want Google to crawl your site because you want to be searchable on the web.
Unfortunately, in that mix of traffic, there's also bad bots on your site, and they're doing all manner of things. The Open Web Applications Security Project (OWASP) created the Automated Threats Handbook, categorizing and itemizing the 20 automated threats on the web.
This webinar talks about the a specific attack that has been coined “giftghostbot”, how it got started in early 2017, who it effects and how to prevent it.